Highlights of Union Budget FY 2023-24

Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman presented the Union Budget 2023-24 on February 1 which had a greater emphasis on the rural sector, social sector schemes, infrastructure creation, and the middle class.

The Budget for 2023-24 kept its focus on expanding Capex showing that the Modi government’s priorities are building roads, highways, and railway lines. The middle class has been given some relief in terms of tweaks in the new income tax regime clearly pointing out that the government wants a shift towards the new regime from the older one. The FM stuck to the fiscal deficit roadmap in the Budget with a target of 5.9% in FY 24 and adhering to the target for the current

Union Budget 2023 Key Highlights:
  • EPFO Numbers doubled to 27 crores
  • Agriculture accelerator fund to boost startup in Agri sector. Special scheme to boost fisheries
  • 38,800 teachers will be employed in 3.5 lakh Eklavya tribal school.
  • Capital outlay of Rs. 2.40 lakh crore for Railways.
  • 50 New Airports and Heliports to be made.
  • 10,000 crore for urban infra fund every year
  • 75,000 crore for 100 transport infra projects
  • 3 Centers of Excellence for “Artificial Intelligence” will be set up.
  • KYC procedure to be simplified. PAN to be come common business identifier.
  • Scope of Digi locker to be increased.
  • More than 39,000 compliances reduced. Jan Vishwas Bill to amend 42 laws
  • 35,000 crore for Energy transmission
  • 10,000 bio input research centers to be set up.
  • 30 Skill India International centers to be set up.
  • NFIR (National Financial Information Registry) to be launched for financial strategy.
  • Reducing cost of MSME Credit by 1%. Infusion of Rs. 9,000 crore in corpus for MSME credit.
  • ‘Mahila Samman Bachat Scheme’ for Women for Rs. 2,00,000 @ 7.5%
  • SCSS enhanced from 15 lakh to 30 Lakh.
Direct and Indirect tax:
  • Promote domestic manufacturing and exports.
  • Tax exemption on Capital Goods and Lithium batteries.
  • Mobiles, camera lenses to become cheaper.
  • Gold, Silver & Diamonds, cigarettes, imported rubber to get expensive.
  • Enhanced limit for 3 crore and 75 lakhs for presumptive taxation.
  • Higher TDS limit of RS. 3 cr for Cooperatives
  • New IT Return Form for easier filing .
  • 100 Joint Commissioners to be appointed for disposal of small appeals.
  • TDS reduced on EPF withdrawal
  • Section 54 and 54F to be amended.
  • Rebate limit increased to 7 lakh in new tax regime.
  • Number of slabs reduced from 7 to 5 in new tax regime.
  • Only 5% tax on Individual’s Annual income of 9,00,000 only to pay Rs. 45,000 as tax.
  • Salaried class and pensioner: Standard Deduction increased
  • Highest tax rate 42.74 % reduced
  • Propose to reduced Higher surcharge rate from 37 % to 25% in new tax regime.
  • Leave Encashment: Limit increased from Rs. 3,00,000 to Rs. 25,00,000.


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